System of evaluation of pupils in the university
In many advanced schooling organizations throughout the world, they normally use a system that is four-point evaluating pupils’ knowledge, abilities and abilities: “excellent”, “good”, “satisfactory” and “unsatisfactory”.
Comprehending the concept of points
The assessment “excellent” deserves a student who’s got found comprehensive, systematic and deep knowledge, the capability to separately perform the tasks given by this system, familiar with the primary and extra literature, suggested by this system. Such an evaluation also requires the mastering associated with the relationship involving the fundamental concepts of discipline and their significance when it comes to acquired career.
The evaluation “good” puts the pupil who may have mastered the academic and system material in full, successfully fulfills the program’s tasks, worked out of the primary literary works suggested by this system. That is, students who may have shown the systematic nature of control knowledge and it is effective at self-replenishment and updating in the act of further scholastic work and activity that is professional.
The grades “satisfactory” deserve students who’s got discovered the information for the fundamental educational product to the extent necessary for further training and future work with a profession, effective at performing the tasks given to because of the system, knowledgeable about the key literature suggested by this system. This assessment is presented to students who have made flaws in the answer to the exam and in the performance of the exam assignments, but have demonstrated the ability to eliminate them as a rule.
The evaluation is “unsatisfactory” for the student that has understanding of gaps which includes generated fundamental errors within the utilization of the tasks provided for because of the program, that is, students that is struggling to carry on education or begin professional activities after graduation without additional trained in the discipline that is relevant.
Shortcomings of four-point evaluation system and score system
A system that is four-way evaluating pupils’ knowledge, abilities i need an essay written and abilities requires significant enhancement or replacement. Its primary disadvantages are: insufficient motivation for the perseverance of academic and cognitive activity, given that it centers on acquiring at the least knowledge (“made up” – “did not make up”); created for the reproduction of knowledge and thinking (in sessional conditions, quickly accumulated information quickly “weathered”); subjectivity within the assessment of pupil’s knowledge; inconsistency aided by the school system, which pupils used as former students, etc.
The rating system of evaluation, which is based on the accumulation of grades for a certain period of study (module, semester, year, whole term of training) for a comprehensive educational and cognitive activity, is becoming increasingly popular along with the four-point traditional system of evaluation of students’ knowledge. The sum these assessments serves as a quantitative indicator for the quality of educational and cognitive task associated with pupil in comparison to the successes of his other students.
The score system for assessing pupils’ knowledge, skills and abilities is dependant on the following principles:
- each discipline that is academic the pupil’s work with its mastering is assessed into the credit devices, the quantity of that is decided by the score;
- the record regarding the student’s current work must certanly be kept, which will be mirrored into the last assessment (in the units of credits);
- the peculiarities of teaching various subjects (complexity, importance of control into the curriculum) are considered, that is, the complexity factor (significance);
- option of several types of control (outgoing, current, intermediate, last);
The student score for a semester or 12 months is defined as the arithmetic that is average of score for every discipline.
To implement a score system for evaluating students’ knowledge, particular conditions are essential: the readiness of instructors and students to perceive them; appropriate organizational and support that is methodological in specific, independent work of pupils is obligatory; introduction of modular training; work accounting in the form of unique tables; application of written verification of real information, etc.